SPECIAL NEEDS EDUCATION
The regular school is a type of school which provides education to the majority of students who are non-exceptional. It is also called ordinary or normal school.
CHARACTERISTICS OF REGULAR EDUCATION
- It gives education to majority of non-exceptional children.
- The class teacher bears the full responsibility of providing instruction and social needs of children.
- Exceptional children remain in the classroom throughout the entire day.
- No other professional assists the class teacher to deliver special education services to exceptional children.
DIFFERENCES BETWEEN SPECIAL EDUCATION AND REGULAR EDUCATION
- Special education considers children with educational inequalities and exceptional children whilst regular education provides education for non-exceptional children.
- Special education has special professionals such as audiologists etc, but in regular education, there is only one teacher who caters for the social and education needs of the child.
- Special education involves the use of special curriculum which differentiates it from regular education.
- Another distinction is that in special needs education, there is the use of special methods which are different from the regular education.
- Special needs education considers special learning environment or placement options which are different from the general classroom in regular education.
BENEFITS / RATIONALE about SPECIAL EDUCATION
- Special needs education helps individuals to develop self-help-skills such as eating, toileting, dressing and other appropriate behaviours.
- It helps exceptional children to develop motor skills needed for independent living. This helps the physically and health impaired who cannot write, walk and speak properly to do so.
- It also helps to provide rich school environment which gives opportunities resources and materials to exceptional children to develop their intellectual abilities.
- Special education provides the skills and opportunities for exceptional children to contribute to the welfare of the family and society and this serves as family and societal relief.
- Through special education, most exceptional children have become economically independent and are given due recognition in the society.
- Conflict Reduction – Special needs education equips people with the necessary information on causes of disabilities through parental conferences and counseling and thus helps to change attitudes. The attitudinal change eventually leads to conflict reduction in the family.