MANAGING PUPILS WITH HEALTH IMPAIRMENTS

MANAGING PUPILS WITH HEALTH IMPAIRMENTS

  1. If a child is on admission at the hospital, may be for orthopaclic surgery, inform the district peripatetic officer about it and give him your scheme of work to enable him teach the child at the hospital.
  2. Send notes and exercise to the child at home visit him and explain the notes and exercises to him.
  3. When the child comes to school, give him remedial teaching during or after school.
  4. Involve the child in activities suitable for his health.
  5. Monitor the child to take his drugs.

MANAGING PUPILS WITH HEALTH IMPAIRMENTS

ASSESSMENT PROCEDURES IN SPECIAL EDUCATION

According to Mcloughlin and Lewis (1990) assessment is the systematic process of gathering educationally relevant information to make legal and instructional decisions about the provision of special services. In simple terms, in involves gathering and using of information pertaining to a behavior of a child. A cursory look at the definition shows that

{1} Assessment is a process.

{2} It gathers information that is educationally relevant. {3} Information is used in making vital decisions ASSESSMENT AS A PROCESS

It is a process because it has a beginning and an end. It ends only when the information gained reveals that the child’s problem no longer exists. Assessment is also a team work. A team of experts can only carry out assessment. Special educationally technically begins with assessment.

MANAGING PUPILS WITH HEALTH IMPAIRMENTS

RELEVANCE OF ASSESSMENT

  1. It helps in identifying strengths and weakness of exceptional children.
  2. It helps in placing the child in the appropriate educational setting
  3. It helps to provide about the progress the child is making

STEPS AND PURPOSE OF ASSESSMENT

  1. SCREENING – The first step of assessment is identify the population of children school going age who are at risk for developmental disabilities. Berdine and Meyer (1987) defines screening as the process of assessing a large number of children for the purpose of identify those who need more through education to determine whether or not they actually have problems. When can observe, interview or use test items for screening. Professionals non-professionals can do screening.
  2. REFERRAL – Referral is the next step taken when screening results indicate that an at – risk condition is present. Thus, it is a process of asking a more competent professionals to evaluate a child. Teachers, parents, school heads counselors, medical personnel etc can all make referrals.
  3. ELEGIBILITY – Eligibility is the process of determining whether or not a child needs special education and related services. The professionals who make decisions on eligibility depend on the results of evaluation. These professionals include speech therapist, psychiatrist, audiologist, ophthalmologist etc.
  4. INDIVIDUALISED EDUCATION PROGRAMME (IEPS)

The I.E.P. is a document written by a team of experts is a document written by a team of experts including the child’s parents. It is designed to make a decision on the child. It covers the following important areas;

  1. Current level of child’s performance, that is what he can and cannot do especially in areas as academic, social, self-help skills etc.
  2. Long Term goals – This deals with expectations we have for the child that is,

what we expect the child to be able to do at the end of the programme.

  1. c) Short-term goals – this is concerned with what we expect the child to be able to do during every session
  2. d) Individual Responsibility – This deals with the various duties individual professions will perform.
  3. e) Time to begin and end – This refers to when the programmes will start and end.
  4. f) Time for evaluation – This has to do with when the programme being run for the child will be assessed to determine its success or otherwise.
  5. PLACEMENT

MANAGING PUPILS WITH HEALTH IMPAIRMENTS

In making decision concerning placement, the key issue to consider is the needs of the child. It is usual to place children with mild to moderate disabilities in the regular schools while the severe to profound are placed in special schools.

MANAGING PUPILS WITH HEALTH IMPAIRMENTS

  1. MONITORING

We monitor for the purpose of finding out if a child is making any progress on a programme. Monitoring is the process of collecting information on daily basis with the aim of knowing the progress a child is making on a programme.

  1. EVALUATION three decisions are made when programmes are evaluated. These are; a) Continuing with the programme
  2. Modifying the programme
  3. Getting rid of the programme.

MANAGING PUPILS WITH HEALTH IMPAIRMENTS

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