HEALTH IMPAIRMENT health-impairments-in-children
health-impairments-in-children Children with health impairment have conditions that are related to medication. These conditions may require on going medical attention some of the conditions are chronic while others are intermittent.
The reason is that the illness does not allow the child to stay longer in school. He does not also form relations with peers.
TYPES OF HEALTH IMPAIRMENT
- Metabolic disorders – These are problems encountered during break down of food substances in the body. An example of metabolic disorders is diabetes early symptoms include weight loss, headaches and thirst.
- Cardiopulmonary Conditions – They are diseases found in the heart, lung and blood. Asthma is a lung disease usually characterized by difficulty in breathing. Cystic fibrosis is another disease said to be genetic. Children with this disease experience difficulty in breathing.
Health impairments also involve diseases like severe epilepsy, tuberculosis of the bones, leukemia, sickle cell, HIV / AIDS etc.
WARNING SIGNS AND IDETIFICATION OF HEALTH IMPAIRMENT
- They normally suffer from illness which is usually not curable.
- They appear very weak and are unable to perform normal routine activities.
- They cannot pay attention for too long
- Some of them especially those with juvenile diabetes urinate excessively and lose weight.
- Frequent complaints of drowsiness
- They usually isolate themselves from their peers
- Some of the conditions are chronic while others are temporary chronic ones which affect academic or school work.
CAUSES OF HEALTH IMPAIRMENTS
(A) GENETIC CAUSES, health-impairments-in-children
- RHESUS FACTOR
The Rh factor is also known as blood incompatibility. Incompatibility means the blood characteristics (negative and positive) are not able to exist or live together. If a mother with Rh negative conceivers a body which has inherited Rh positive blood from the father, they are said to be incompatible.
This is because the baby’s Rh positive blood produces some substances referred to and antigens while the mothers blood also produces antibodies which attack the antigens from the baby. This attack results in the destruction of the baby is red corpuscles leading to various disease like anaemia, sickle cells etc.
2) METABOLIC DISORDERS
When we eat, the food nutrients and chemical like vitamins, protein, fat etc are broken down into soluble particles for use by the body. The process by which some enzyme break down these particles is called metabolism. A metabolic disorder is the difficulty in breaking down a particular nutrient for use by the body. When the inherited gene responsible for metabolism is inactive, it leads to metabolic disorder (Phenylketonuria). PKU results in the damage of the central nervous system which leads to different diseases.
3) CHROMOSOMAL ABNORMALITY
After pregnancy, any normal zygote contains 23 pairs of chromosomes. In some cases, there might be more or less than 46 while in some cases, there may be re-arrangement of chromosomes. When any of these three problems occurs there is chromosomal abnormality. This may give rise to health problems in a child.
(B) ENVIRONMENTAL CAUSES
- MATERNAL MALNUTRITION – Poor diets for pregnant women may result in extensive damage to all aspects of the central nervous system which can result in health problems.
- MATERNAL ACCIDENTS – When a pregnant mother falls down heavily or is involved in any from of serious accident, it can lead to health disorders in a child. 3) DRUG ABUSE AND ALCOHOL – Pregnant women who take drugs and alcohol during the first three months may give birth to children with various health impairments. 4) Virus infections by mother such as jaundice, fever, hypertension, diabetes, HIV/AIDS may also give birth to children suffering from such diseases.