DELIVERY MODELS / PLACEMENT OPTIONS IN SPECIAL EDUCATION
The following are the various delivery-models-in-special-needs-education options available for exceptional children from mild to severe in special education.
PLACEMENT / DELIVERY MODEL:
- REGULAR SCHOOL
The regular school is sometimes called ‘normal’ or ordinary school or general education. It is the type of school that gives education to majority of non-exceptional children. Here, the education of children lies solely with the regular classroom teacher. In the regular school, exceptional children remain in the class throughout the entire school day.
No other person provides specialized service to the child. This is the least restrictive placement option.
- REGULAR SCHOOL WITH CONSULTATION`
In many cases, the regular teacher seeks for professional advice from colleagues. This is an aspect of consultation. In situations where the regular education teacher lacks the specialized services to deliver certain services to exceptional children, he can consult an expert. The interaction is only between the regular teacher and the consultant.
- REGULAR SCHOOL WITH ITINERANT TEACHER
An itinerant teacher is one who travels from school to school to deliver specialized services to students with special needs. In this option, the students remain in the regular classroom to receive services from the itinerant teacher.
- REGULAR CLASS WITH RESOURCE ROOM
In special education, resource centres are set up to help exceptional children. It is an educational setting which provides remedial instruction to the child with learning needs on a ‘pull out’ basis. It seeks to complete the programme offered by the regular school. In a resource room, instruction is often tailored to meet the specific learning needs of the pupil and is usually on one-to-one basis. On some schedules, the student is pulled out of the regular classroom during certain times of the day.
Delivery models in special needs education
- SPECIAL SCHOOL / CLASES ghspeaks
These special schools have special teachers who provide for the instructional needs of exceptional pupils. These schools are mostly residential. A few of them offer day programmes for those who live in the vicinity. Examples include Garden City Special School, Akropong School for the Blind, Dzowulu special school etc.
- HOMEBOUND / HOSPITAL SERVICE delivery-models-in-special-needs-education
This placement option is said to be the most restrictive. This is because it does not allow the special child to interact with the non-exceptional children. In this option, special services are provided for students who by virtue of their disabling conditions, are confined to houses or hospitals for closer monitoring, especially if they are to spend longer periods at the hospitals eg. Orthopaedic centre of Adoagyiri.